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Low Back Pain

Low back pain or lumbago is a common musculoskeletal disorder affecting 80% of people at some point in their lives and the second most common neurological ailment only headache is more common. The majority of lower back pain stems from musculoskeletal problems, and are referred to as non specific low back pain; this type may be due to muscle or soft tissues sprain or strain, particularly in instances where pain arose suddenly during physical loading of the back, with the pain lateral to the spine.

The lower back is made up of five vertebrae (L1-L5). In between these vertebrae lie fibrocartilage discs (intervertebral discs), which act as cushions, preventing the vertebrae from rubbing together while at the same time protecting the spinal cord. Nerves stem from the spinal cord through foramina within the vertebrae, providing muscles with sensations and motor associated messages. Stability of the spine is provided through ligaments and muscles of the back,lower back and abdomen. Small joints which prevent, as well as direct, motion of the spine are called facet joints. Any of these structures may result in injury and create your pain.

Others may have pain from their sacroiliac joint, where the spinal column attaches to the pelvis, called sacroiliac joint dysfunction which may be responsible for 22.6% of low back pain.
 
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